Usually, a hotspot starts as a red itchy spot. To alleviate the itching, the dog chews, bites or scrapes the offending spot, which of course worsens the condition. The red spot quickly turns into a wound, becomes infected and often results in an open injury. This becomes so painful for the dog that your usually amusing and jesting furry friend becomes a growling and unhappy pet.
These irritated lesions can be caused by some factors including allergies, bites, inadequate care, underlying ear or skin infections, and constant licking and chewing. In principle, anything that irritates the skin can cause this problem to occur, and the lesions can be quite uncomfortable. They often increase within a short time as dogs scratch, lick or chew on the infected areas. Dogs that are not regularly groomed may be susceptible to these infections due to their mats and dirty coats. This contributes to the fact that most often breed with a large amount of hair are affected.
What causes hot spots on dogs?
Certain breeds, such as those of Shih-Tzu and Pomeranians, are more susceptible to hot spots because their long and furry coats are more vulnerable to tangled and matted hair. Dogs with long coats also tend to have dead hair trapped, and especially in smaller dogs, they “wipe” dirt off the floor or floor. All this leads to skin irritations, which in the veterinary language are called pyotraumatic dermatitis. However, they are often referred to as “hot spots” in your language and mine.
Allergies & environment
The environment your dog lives in has a lot to do with allergies. First, look at the immediate area: your home. How do you clean your floors? If you use chemically laced household cleaners to keep your stories clean and have your carpets regularly cleaned commercially, harmful chemical residues will remain on the floor. Your dog is lying on these chemicals that are now in contact with your skin. The skin begins to absorb these chemicals and eventually develops into a skin problem.
Another environmental allergy could be planted pollen at certain seasons (think spring fever in humans).
Some dogs are just hyper and will end up biting, licking and gnawing themselves if left alone. This can also cause hot spots to occur.